The following comparisons form the basis for discussion in chapter 2 and 3 in The Death of Truth.
|Human Nature||Humans are, purely material machines. We live in a purely physical world. Nothing exists beyond what our senses perceive.||No opinion on this issue, but suspicious of such dogmatic claims to knowledge.||Humans are the only beings on earth created in the image of God. They are spiritual and material.|
|Free Will (autonomy)||Humans are self-governing and free to choose their own direction||People are the product of their culture and only imagine they are self-governing.||Human free will has been drastically diminished by a moral fall from grace, but they are still responsible for the use of their remaining free will. People's desire to be autonomousis sinful--we were created to depend on God.|
|View of Reason||People should be "rationalistic optimists." They should depend only on the data of their senses and reason.||There is no such thing as objective rationality (i.e., reason unaffected by bias) in the sense modernists use the term. Rationalism is a myth.||Reason is necessary but not sufficient for understanding reality. Reason can disclose truth about reality, but faith and revelation are needed in addition.|
|View of Progress||Humankind is progressing by using science and reason.||"Progress" is a code word used by modernists to justify the domination by European culture of other cultures.||Humans aren't progressing toward any glorious future. However, advances which relieve suffering and prolong life are good.|