Melchizedek and the Priesthood of Christ

Author
Dennis McCallum

Hebrews 4:14-5:10; 7:1-28

When reading these two passages, Christians can easily become totally confused and give up. Yet, these are surely two of the richest passages in the whole of Scripture. Therefore, the author rebukes those of his audience who have no taste for meat (5:11-14) and who are therefore immature. They couldn't understand, and it will be even harder for us to do so, since we have none of the Jewish liturgical background they did. For this reason we will have to start with some background considerations.

The Setting

Priests

The issue at hand in this passage is priesthood. We today can hardly understand the importance of this office to the Jewish people for whom the book of Hebrews is written. Based on Old Testament teaching, these people were raised with firm convictions that a priest was absolutely necessary in their relationship with God. The priest was a go-between or an intercessor between man and God. Such a person was necessary because of the Holiness of God. Holiness means God is totally separate from fallen man and, in a real sense, unapproachable. For this reason, God ordained that certain men who were ritually cleansed in a special way should approach him on behalf of the people. These men were chosen by God for the office. They would give sacrifice to God which symbolically atoned, or paid for the people's sins. We see this principle at work very early in the story of Job (42:7-9).

When God established His covenant with the Jews at Sinai, he chose one family to act as priests. This family was the family of Aaron and in addition, Aaron's tribe, the Levites. The book of Leviticus is written to instruct the "levitical" priests on how to perform their service. One example of their service is the day of atonement. On this day, among other things, the priest in charge would give an animal sacrifice for the forgiveness of the people's sins. He then would take some blood (a symbol of death) from the sacrifice and enter the small cubicle where God dwelt in a special way. There he would display the blood symbolically to God(1) thus demonstrating that the sacrifice had been given--a life had ended, implying that the wages of sin (death) had been paid. (See Leviticus 17:10) Only the high priest could come into this cubicle in the temple. If any one else came in, he would be struck dead. This rule was so steadfast that, according to later tradition, a rope was tied around the priest's ankle so that, if he collapsed or died while in the cubicle, he could be pulled out by rope rather than have someone else go in for him.

You can see how this demonstrates the unapproachability of God. At the same time, it shows the definite need for a priest to represent us as sinners before God.

Things to Notice: These points are briefly stated in Hebrews.

  1. Priests give sacrifice to God and represent the other peoples (5:1).
  2. Priests must be cleansed in a special ritual way (5:3).
  3. Priests are chosen for the office by God (5:4).

The Problem

As mentioned above, a Jewish priest must be from the tribe of Levi. The author of Hebrews intends to show that Jesus is in fact the only ordained priest that God has for believers. However, Jesus was not from the tribe of Levi but from the tribe of Judah. (See Heb. 7:13,14.) This means that according to Mosaic law, Jesus lacked the first requirement for priesthood.

Besides this, even if the readers of Hebrews granted that Jesus was a priest, He was no longer on earth at the time the book was written. This would mean, according to Old Testament law, that some one should take over to perform the services in the temple. In other words, even if Jesus had been a priest, He would not have been one after His ascension.

The Audience's Beliefs

The Jews to whom the book is written are apparently somewhat confused as to what they believe. They are willing to admit that Jesus is the promised Messiah of Israel. Along with this, they probably believed that He would return to rule the world. However, for the reasons mentioned above, they were not sure where they stood in relation to ritual Judaism.

Since they could not be sure that Christ was the only ordained priest, they felt it could hardly do any harm to offer sacrifice in the temple as well. This way they would have "double coverage" and they would avoid persecution from fellow Jews for denying Judaism.

According to the author of Hebrews, this solution was intolerable. We will see the reasons for his strong stand in the section "So What?" Now let us see his argument.

The Argument

The author's task is indeed great. He must prove, using only Old Testament scripture, that Jesus is our only priest, not only during his life, but for all time. Anyone intending to approach God must do so through Him alone, thus rendering the Old Testament ritual cultus obsolete and even blasphemous.

Melchizedek: A Priest Out of Nowhere

Look at Genesis 14:17-20

  • 17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley).
  • 18 Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High,
  • 19 and he blessed Abram, saying, "Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth.
  • 20 And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

This passage introduces us to a rather obscure Old Testament figure named Melchizedek. Melchizedek is a priest. Yet the priesthood was not established for at least 500 years after this incident! This incident occurred in roughly 2000 BC, but the priesthood referred to in Leviticus was set up in the 1400's BC. Obviously, this man must have been a priest in some order other than the levitical order.

This unusual man meets the great patriarch Abraham one day as Abraham is returning with the booty he has won from a battle with some enemy troops. There a very brief but very strange transaction occurs. Notice verse 19. Melchizedek blesses Abraham. According to Biblical and ancient practice this means that both Melchizedek and Abraham realized that of the two of them, Melchizedek had greater stature. Fathers, for instance, always bless sons. The son would never pronounce a blessing on the father. Yet, while Abraham apparently viewed Melchizedek as greater, he was himself probably the greatest name in the whole Old Testament! He was the father of the Jews, the father of all the great men of God who followed after. When we realize how great Abraham was it becomes doubly hard to understand how Melchizedek could be even greater.

In addition, notice that Abraham gives a tithe of his booty to Melchizedek. This also indicates that Abraham recognized Melchizedek as his priest. Both the blessing and the tithe point to the same thing--the great stature of this man. He stands as a priest at a time there were no priests, and holds a stature greater than the patriarch Abraham. Clearly, if Melchizedek appeared at the time of the writing of Hebrews, all lesser priests would have to step aside and give way to him.

When you think about it, this short incident proves that there is such a thing as a priesthood which is wholly outside of the Jewish people. After all, Abraham was the only living Jew at the time this story occurred. Think about this in relation to the question of whether Jesus qualifies as priest for all believers. If he were a priest like Melchizedek, it wouldn't matter that he wasn't a Levite. If only the author of Hebrews could somehow find a passage linking the Messiah to this sort of priesthood, he would win his case. He would have proven, using only the Old Testament, that Jesus is the sole authorized priest of God.

The Missing Link

Look at the beginning of Psalms 110

  • 1 Of David. A psalm. The LORD says to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet."
  • 2 The LORD will extend your mighty scepter from Zion; you will rule in the midst of your enemies.
  • 3 Your troops will be willing on your day of battle. Arrayed in holy majesty, from the womb of the dawn you will receive the dew of your youth.

Note in verse 1 that King David says "The Lord says to my Lord..." The first Lord is Yahweh. The second is Adonai. This second term is one of three common names of God in the Old Testament. It could in some cases be used of a ruler much as we might refer to the house of Lords. However, David, himself, was an absolute monarch. Who would he refer to as his Adonia? The most likely answer is "the Messiah." This is how this Psalm has been understood by early rabbis and by the New Testament. It is a prophetic Psalm describing what the Father will do for the son.

Now read verse 4 "The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind: 'You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.'"

Everything is right here!

The Father promises the Messiah that He will be a priest according to the higher order of Melchizedek. This eliminates the first problem given above. Since Jesus is not to be a priest in the levitical order, He need not be from the tribe of Levi. Also He is a priest forever. This eliminates the second problem above. No one is to take over when He leaves.

Isn't it amazing that with one mention of Melchizedek in 2000 BC only three verses long, and another in 1000 BC only one verse long, we have ironclad proof that Jesus Christ is the only proper priest then and now? This should teach us something about the Word of God. Although the book spans 2000 years, it is a perfect unit. Also, it seems plain that the author of Hebrews would never have been able to put this all together by himself. God directed him to it.

Who Is Melchizedek?

It is interesting to notice that the name Melchizedek comes from one Semitic root which means "king," and another, which means righteousness. His name literally means King of Righteousness (Heb. 7:2). Also, He was the King of Salem. Salem is the word from which comes "Shalom" or peace. Therefore here is also the "King of Peace" (Heb. 7:2).

Another strange thing is that as great as this man was, we are given no explanation as to why. Usually a genealogy is given to show that a great one is from some special family (see Mt. 1:1-18). This was more important to ancient and medieval culture than it is today. It would be especially important in the Bible where God so often deals with families and nations. But in this case genealogy is given (Heb. 7:3).

Could it be that Melchizedek, the King of Righteousness and Peace was in fact Jesus Christ Himself? That's what some interpreters think, based on Hebrews 7:3 and 8.(4) If this is right, then Christ, Himself, must have appeared in this case as He did again in Gen. 18:16-33 for some special reason. Probably He foresaw that the priesthood question would become a problem later, so He intervened at this time to solve it. Then by inspiring David and the author of Hebrews to make the appropriate comments, the new arrangement was clarified.

Other interpreters see Melchizedek as a type of Christ. The comment in Heb. 7 that "without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God he remains a priest forever," would be referring to Psalms 110 according to this interpretation. There, as we saw, Messiah is a priest forever. Also, they point out, Melchizedek was king of an actual Jebusite city--Salem. Whether Melchizedek was Christ himself, or a type of Christ is not really important because either way, the lesson is the same for us--Jesus Christ is the sole authorized priest for all time, completely and permanently replacing the Old Testament priestly cultus.

So What?

When we establish the fact that Christ is our sole Priest, we have not gone far enough. We have yet to ask "so what?" The facts in scripture are not alive until we apply them--first to the people they were addressed to, then to ourselves.

Why is God inspiring the author to make such a big deal out of the eternal priesthood of Christ? Why are Christianity and Jewish Priestcraft incompatible? We find the answers to these questions in the remainder of Hebrews 7.

In Heb. 7:11 the writer asks his audience, "If the Levitical priesthood is so great for bringing man and God together, then why did God start planning for a new order way back in the time of Abraham?" It should be obvious that the Mosaic system was never intended to be the ultimate solution to sin, but only a temporary teaching experience.

However, another important factor comes in at this point.

"On the basis of it (the Levitical priesthood) the people received the Law." This statement reflects the two part covenant form of the Mosaic law. On the one hand, the people were given commandments (i.e., the ten commandments) and told that they must obey them. On the other hand, if they did disobey, they would seek forgiveness through some of the temple rituals. This formed a second clause to the covenant. If the second clause is abrogated totally, what does this say about the first clause? It says that the first clause is also totally abrogated.

So we see that what is at issue here is very grave indeed. Verse 12 says "When the Priesthood is changed, there takes place a change of law also." Mixing Jewish temple ritual with faith in Christ really constitutes mixing works with grace. Our acceptance by God must come only by believing in Christ's sacrifice of Himself for us on the cross. To worry about whether they should add their own sacrifices as well meant that they doubted Jesus' sacrifice was good enough! This is clearly an intolerable stand.

Imagine how it must have grieved the author of Hebrews to see this trend in the Jewish church. No doubt he had spent his life teaching them to trust in the grace or free gift of God through Christ. Yet now his hard work was going up in smoke before his eyes, because they were turning to their own works for assurance of salvation. No wonder he makes a big deal out of the abrogation of the Mosaic law! He realizes that their life and faith will suffer shipwreck if they continue in this direction.

Application for Today

In this sense the priesthood of Christ begins to also apply directly to us today. Many times we tend to feel that good works on our part will make us in some way more acceptable to God. Sometimes this is explicitly or implicitly taught from the pulpit. We know this because many Christians who attend evangelical churches (who should know better) still believe that Christianity consists mainly of obeying the Ten Commandments, etc. This lack of clear focus concerning the essence of true spirituality, present now as then, is dealt with emphatically in chapter seven.

Look at verse 18. "On the one hand there is a setting aside of a former commandment because of its weakness and uselessness." This must have sounded like pure heresy! How could the law of Moses be weak and useless? Even more outrageous would be the suggestion that it should be annulled or set aside. Notice that the word for putting away here is the same as the word for "putting away sin" in chapter 9:26. This is a very strong statement!

Now to those today who love the law--who feel that it cannot be dispensed with in the Christian life--we have only one question. Why does the Bible teach that the commandments are weak and useless?

One answer that might be given is that this only applies to the ceremonial portion of the law of Moses. However, this could hardly be true. In II Cor. 3:7, Paul speaks of the "ministry of death inscribed on stones." This is obviously a reference to the Ten Commandments themselves! Yet they are called the ministry of death. This is coupled to the preceding statement, "We are...servants of a new covenant, not of the letter, but of the spirit, for the letter (the ministry of death) kills, but the spirit gives life."

Paul is saying here that legalistic living produces alienation from God. When we try to please God with works of law we always fail to keep the rules as we should. This always leads to feelings of guilt and shame when we approach God in prayer. The only other possibility is to rationalize our sin or pretend that our good works outweigh the bad, and such dishonesty is also a barrier to fellowship with God. Paul calls this alienation death. Instead he says, we are now servants of the new covenant of the Spirit.

Hebrews 7:19 says the same thing. After saying that on one hand there is a setting aside of the former commandment. . . he now says, "On the other hand there is a bringing in of a better hope through which we draw near to God." This "better hope" is the new law-free relationship we have with God. With Christ as our priest and sacrifice, we know that all our sins are surely forgiven. Therefore there is no need to feel shame or guilt, or to rationalize our sins. As far as lifestyle is concerned, in Hebrews 10:16 God says, "I will put my laws upon their hearts, and upon their mind I will write them." We have the Holy Spirit actually living within us. He is able to tell us what to do and give us the power to do it. As a result we can "draw near to God" without fear of any kind. Let us not forget, however, that this kind of relationship is only possible when we first "set aside" the old system of works.

No wonder the author of Hebrews is so insistent on dropping any form of self-performance. Isn't it encouraging to see that the sure proof of Christ's priesthood is the basis upon which this truth is set? To any who will believe "He is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them."(Heb. 7:25)

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Submitted by Charles Hadden on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:28

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In 'The Problem' it sounds like you are trying to make a case AGAINST Christ. Christ 'FuULFILLED' the law. he didn't replace the law other than saying he is the high pries and wil be the ONLY high priest forever and to come. And It's been a while, but was this God's law or Pharisaic law? We were never bound by man made laws.

Personally even though coming from a Catholic background, I think this article is an exquisite exposition of the biblical truth about the priesthood, I must say a big CONGRATULATIONS to its author!!!

The statement “Christ came to fulfil the Law” really means that the Old Law was pointing towards the coming of Jesus not only as our saviour but also as our everlasting priest! That Law was just a temporary shadow of Jesus in preparation of humanity for his real coming into this world!

So when that prophecy is finally fulfilled with coming of Jesus, is that shadow still relevant to our salvation when he himself is available to us 24/7???

Submitted by Cage on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:28

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This is a great Article. Thank you! Since Christ is Gods only begotten son and is our High Priest and our connection to Jehovah God, how would you classify a pastor(under shepherd)? He always tells the congregation he is the High priest and feeds us directly from God. I know pastors are men after God's own heart and are looking over our soul and we are to submit to them. How do we submit? I am married and I am aware the Bible tells the couple to submit one to another and for the wife to submit to their own husband. I do not believe a wife should bypass the husband and listen directly to the pastor. For instance, my pastor is a mason and I do not believe he should be apart of this organization. I am deeply concerned and apprehensive about it being apart of his personal life. Let me know what you think, thanks!

I believe from Scriptures that Jesus Christ is our ONLY High Priest. No pastor, no matter how anointed he is, or what depths of revelation he has can claim to be a High priest to other believers...that's a spirit of error at work.

The husband's authority over the wife is not to be gainsayed, and the wife has no business bypassing her husband and listening directly to her pastor, that's another error. If that is encouraged in a Church, then it's a recipe for marital crisis.

A pastor and a Mason? Light and darkness having concord? That's an aberration and an anomaly. Your concern and apprehension are in order. You should prayerfully consider looking for fellowship elsewhere. God is not the author of confusion.

Submitted by Nancy Russel on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:29

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THE AUTHOR HAS TAKEN ALOT OF TIME TO CLEARLY LAY OUT HOW SOVEREIGN GOD IS. THIS IS THE CORRECT VIEW AND SHOWS THAT MELCHIZEDEK GAVE THE BLESSING FIRST BEFORE ANY WORK WAS DONE WHEN HE OFFERED THE BREAD AND THE WINE. JESUS SAVES(BLESSES)WHILE WE WERE DEAD IN TRESPASSES AND SINS NOT AFTER WE HAD EARNED IT. THE GIFT OF RIGHTEOUSNESS AND SALVATION IS FREE TO THOSE WHOM GOD HAS CHOSEN FROM BEFORE THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD. WHEN STUDIED CORRECTLY THE BIBLE CANNOT CONTRADICT ITSELF. THE TROUBLE LIES WITH US WHO WANT TO DEVISE THEIR OWN BIBLE.

Submitted by Anonymous on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:30

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This is very misleading. You still must obey the Ten Commandments. Jesus said He did not come to destroy the law but fulfill it. We no longer have to sacrifice animals for the remission of sins. Because Jesus Christ was the sacrifice once and for all. Jesus says at the White Throne Judgement He will be approached by those who say Lord Lord in your name we have prophesied healed the lame, the blind have seen and the dead have come back to life. It says He will turn to them and say get away from Me you who have practice lawlessness. They will be cast Into the fire. Those who practice lawlessness and teach others to do so face judgment.

Submitted by Bev on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:30

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Very good article. I would like to know if you have commentary on these verses? If we are made kings and priest, we are under Jesus, so if He is our High Priest after the order of Melchizedek would we be of the same order? I know this is a controversial subject.

Revelation 1:6

“And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.”
1Peter 2:9

But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

If you look at Hebrews 7.23-24 ( read the chapter for context), the reason why Jesus is an eternal priest is because he will never die. The only reason for passing along the Levitical priesthood is was because mere mortal priests were prevented from continuing by death. Now in verse 23 is states, "But this man, because he continueth forever, hath an unchangeable priesthood." That word unchangeable in Greek is 'aparabatos' which means the Melchizedek priesthood is not transferrable. No one but Jesus holds this priesthood. It doesn't change to another man or people.

I respectfully submit my study on the Melchizedek Priesthood for consideration. It is abbreviated for this forum.

Melchizedek is an office, not a person's name. The Creator of heaven and earth is the Most High Melchizedek Priest. It was Yahweh who appeared to Abraham, not Jesus Christ or Shem. Adam, Seth, Noah, Shem, Abraham, Moses and David were Melchizedek Priests. Moses wrote the first 68 chapters of the Torah, Exodus 24:4. He wrote everything Yahweh had spoken, he read it to the people and when they heard It they agreed to do and obey everything. It was a meal ratified and blood covenant, Exodus 24:11. I agree with Rashi that the book of the covenant began in Genesis 1:1. The first 94 Torah commandments are found in those chapters. Significant were the promises to Abraham; blessings, people/nation, land of milk and honey and the SEED of Yeshua, Galatians 3:16. This was the time of the Melchizedek Priesthood. Moses then went up on the mountain and Yahweh gave him the two tablets of stone written by His finger. There was both a written covenant book and a stone covenant book, Deuteronomy 9:9-12. The stone book was placed in the arc of the covenant. Moses began writing the rest of the Torah in Exodus 25 through Deuteronomy. The book of the covenant is a book within the five books of the Torah. The Torah was placed outside the arc of the covenant which contained the two tablets, Deuteronomy 32:24-26. This becomes significant in the book of Hebrews. The book of the covenant was so important to Yahweh He wrote a copy to replace the ones Moses broke, Deuteronomy 10:1-5. The Levitical priesthood started in Exodus 28:1.

Moses did not "write the entire Torah all at once on Mount Sinai, but rather, as each passage was told to Moses, Moses wrote it down, and in line with the passage, at the end of the 40 years of travel through the desert, Moses compiled them and sewed them all together. Some of these materials, like the book of the covenant, were written as texts (Ex. 24:4) before they were written into the Torah itself in Genesis and Exodus." The Torah-laws were not agreed to (the covenant/oath were, and could not be amended) but instead they were imposed on the Israelite's for their sin of idolatry with the golden calf. Galatians 3 (huge). Torah commandments are works based.

Yahweh provided the promised SEED for Mary and she gave birth to the mortal man Yeshua, Galatians 3:16. The first Adam was created immortal, died mortal. The second Adam was created mortal, died immortal. Read Hebrews 7. Our immortal Most High Royal Melchizedek Priest, Yahweh, breathed the breath of life into our immortal High Royal Melchizedek Priest, Yeshua, tribe of Judah. V. 12, there was a change in the law. The Levitical priestly physical decent system and animal sacrifice ended.

The original book of the covenant/promises - tablets of stone in the arc of the covenant - is the Torah of the Royal Melchizedek Priesthood. The promised land of milk and honey made to Abraham is the new heaven and new earth. The Levitical Torah with animal sacrifices and records of our transgressions was nailed to the cross. Yeshua was born in the Levitical system and died for those in the Levitical system. The mortal promised SEED Yeshua was the last sacrificial lamb. The raised immortal Yeshua is now our High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek!! Blessings & Favor AMEN

I believe that Jesus is the perSON or incarnation of the Royal Priesthood of Christ. By faith, I believe that we bear, not just a regular priesthood, but His Royal Priesthood per se, in our converted being in Christ as the other son of God, in accord with God's will-ingness. There must only be one Priesthood that is acceptable to mediate with God for man, as there must also be one Kingship or Kingdom - Christ - or there will be no equality and unity. As it is written, Christ, the life and being of the Son, the life and being of God's image and likeness, is granted to us freely in grace, through Baptism. Once born again, we are converted into the being of God's unspeakable and prodigious offering in the name of Jesus, the Only Begotten Son of God, bearing in us the mark of His One Sacrifice, holding within our perSON the office or faculty of priest, king, and prophet.

I believe that Jesus is the perSON or incarnation of the Royal Priesthood of Christ. By faith, I believe that we bear, not just a regular priesthood, but His Royal Priesthood per se, in our converted being in Christ as the other son of God, in accord with God's will-ingness. There must only be one Priesthood that is acceptable to mediate with God for man, as there must also be one Kingship or Kingdom - Christ - or there will be no equality and unity. As it is written, Christ, the life and being of the Son, the life and being of God's image and likeness, is granted to us freely in grace, through Baptism. Once born again, we are converted into the being of God's unspeakable and prodigious offering in the name of Jesus, the Only Begotten Son of God, bearing in us the mark of His One Sacrifice, holding within our perSON the office or faculty of priest, king, and prophet.

The article is very well presented, as some would say Right On, I believe there two thing in play with this issue, the high priestly role of Jesus the Anointed of God and the adoption of believers as priests, the second issue of God's dealing with the nation / remanent of Israel Rom 9 - 10 for the sake of their for fathers Abraham, Issac and Jacob. Many get the two issues mixed and much confusion is experienced.

Submitted by James on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:36

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I very much liked your article and the points you elaborate on. However, I've always been bothered by other scripture (Jer 33:18) in which it is stated that a Levitical priest would never lack a man to offer sacrifice in the presence of the Lord. With Mary and Elisabeth being related, and Zechariah being a Levitical priest, isn't it possible that Jesus is descended from both Judah and Levi?

Jesus could have some levitical blood, but is not considered a levite. However, because of that verse, Levite are the only tribe of Jews that keep track of their identity. Jews with the last name levi or cohen are levites. They keep track of that in case the temple comes back.

Submitted by T Black on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:38

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In your comments on Melchizedek, you stated, "After all, Abraham was the only living Jew at the time this story occurred." I believe you are mistaken. Jews are descendants of Judah, the great-grandson of Abraham. Abraham was therefore not a Jew, and only some of his descendants are Jews. As I understand it, the descendants of Abraham are Hebrews; the descendants of Jacob (Israel) are Israelites; the descendants of Judah are Jews.

Submitted by Colin on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:39

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Would not legalism be the same as buying affection? If Christ kept all of his Father's commandments and came not to remove the law but complete it wouldn't the complete rejection of the law be a rejection of God's foundations for a holy nation? The original laws seemed to be given in hopes that a people whom love God would keep them but because human love is weak and prone to corruption the law thus is cheapened and leads to death of love and the growth of spite, hypocrisy and hate? Thus legalism is rejected out of acknowledgement that faithfulness is only holy and godly if done out of the Love we have for God and his ways. His burdens are light, the law is not a burden to one who loves to please him.

Perhaps then Love is the missing key, not the law itself being replaced as God placed it there and his son chose to honor it throughout his life. It was man that decided to reject all of it and to alter it as God warned us not too but Christ nor Paul directly told us to ignore and disregard it but I feel they instead enforced that it's only worth is when followed out of love and even the cases for Christ going against the Lord seemed to flow not out of spite or rejection but love for others and the love of the laws purpose. He rejected legalism that put laws over the heart of love God has for others.

I see many Christians whom reject the law and seem lawless, they seem to focus on God's love and mercy being a safezone more then loving God for his love and mercy. The ending of temple worship and the ending of sin sacrifices seem to fit with this desire to put the individual into direct responsibility for their worship and that means love. If you love someone and they love you then you don't need to buy it and true favor expects failure and loves in spite of it in the hopes that love is returned and you treat that person with it by keeping their request/desires in mind as you act. The overt did not reflect the constant sinfulness of their hearts and is why God said that whosoever believe will be saved. Belief means a reaction is to be made and it can only be confirmed by loving and desiring God above all else.

It seems like these Jewish Christians were struggling in their belief that God could love them without his gifts, which risked paganizing him. Their love was twisted by that lack of faith in their value and worth to him and showed that they still didn't love God for who he is. Thus urging one away from the law could be a way of saying "you can't buy God love, you can't buy salvation with temporary shows of affection give him you hearts and souls". Perhaps this then gives purpose to the Churches title as the bride of Christ. A bride doesn't need to buy her Fiance's love, she shows it by being a loyal and obedient lover. One who assist and accounts for his will. I don't know but I think to fear the law is to fear and reject God's wisdom on how to focus man (who without Christ was childlike) onto proper living and growth on a national and personal scale. This is then augmented by the grown child loving his parent's authority and teaches and then finding a lover whom embodies a nature like their parent.

Submitted by Chiropractor Seattle on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:40

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This is a fascinating book. I found chapter three to be particularly controversial yet exploitative in its conceptual ideologies.

Submitted by Fleur on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:42

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Wow! Thanks for the clarification. Reading the Bible, I always wondered if, when we say "Jesus will come again", this means He has come before but did not see any clue in the Bible apart of course from His birth.

I guess it now makes sense to me that through Melchizedek, King of Righteousness, King of Peace, Jesus appeared not only before Abraham's time but in Davis' time before His coming as The New Covenant.

Thank you for clarifying the fact and confirming my belief that Jesus is the one and only Priest that truly links us God. Definately He will come again to judge the living and the dead and who knows? Maybe under a different name.

By the way your statement on the 10 commandments is also spot on as Jesus himself said only 2 commendments are effective: "I am the Lord thy God. There is no other god but Me" and "Love one another as I have loved you".

Again thank you. I have enjoyed reading your statement.

The commandments are written in Revelation14:12. How do you think that only 2 are to be kept, when you are able to keep all. Yes, the two are to be esteemed because by keeping 2, you will be able to keep the other 8 out of obedience for the love of Yah.Why do you take away from the scriptures? It says what is says, there is no need to add or take away to make your sin more convenient. The scriptures do not need interpretation. Although, I do understand using precept to understand precept. This is allowed, but to sum up: The Ten Commandments still stand as the Messiah himself said he was sent to Fulfill them.

Forgive the intrusion -- I was on a different study path and came across this and am compelled to respond.

Consider Romans 8:1-2. “1There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. 2For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death.”

There are two laws being spoken of here: (1) the Law of the Spirit of Life, which is “life and peace for the Spirit is life because of righteousness” and (2) the Law of Sin and Death which “is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law (Torah) (Romans 8:7 ) and cannot please God.”

In all, Paul presents seven laws:
• The Law of Sin and Death (Romans 8:2)
• The Law of the Spirit of Life (Romans 8:2, 9)
• The Law of God (Romans 3:31; 7:22-25; 8:7)
• The Law of Sin (Romans 7:23-25)
• The Law of Faith (Romans 3:27)
• The Law of Righteousness (Romans 9:3)
• The Law of Christ (1Corinthians 9:21)

When Paul teaches that we are ‘no longer under the law,’ it is imperative to understand the context and know of which law Paul is speaking. I used Romans 8:1-11 in context to show that Paul is teaching that the Law of Sin and Death applies to unbelievers who are in the flesh which is hostile to God; and that the Law of the Spirit applies to believers indwelled by the Spirit of God.

Freedom is being free from the Law of Sin and Death. From that Law, believers are set free. Freedom is not being free from submitting to God’s Law, the Torah; for this, “cannot please God.” (Romans8:8)

The Law of Sin and Death no longer has dominion over believers. Paul is not teaching that believers are no longer under the Law of God; but rather that believers are no longer under the Law of Sin and Death.

The context is about obeying the Law of God. Paul does not teach that we are free from the Law of God; but rather that we are free from the punishment of breaking God’s law – Death, “For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.” (Romans 6:23)

As it is written Romans7:5-6, “For while we were living in the flesh, our sinful passions, aroused by the law (of Sin and Death), were at work in our members to bear fruit for death. 6But now we are released from the law (of Sin and Death), having died to that which held us captive, so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit and not in the old way of the written code.”

If you assume that “we are released from the law” refers to being released from God’s Law, then the rest of the verse makes no sense. The rest of the sentence states that we are released from the law that has held us captive. We died from the Law of Sin; we did not die from the Law of God. We are released from the Law of Sin and Death.

The TORAH cannot hold us captive. The TORAH is freedom and liberty, Psalm 119:44-45, “I will keep your law continually, forever and ever, 45and I shall walk at liberty, for I have sought your precepts.”

It is sin that is bondage. The TORAH is life. Deuteronomy 32:45-47, “And when Moses had finished speaking all these words to all Israel, 46he said to them, “Take to heart all the words by which I am warning you today, that you may command them to your children, that they may be careful to do all the words of this law. 47For it is no empty word for you, but your very life, and by this word you shall live long in the land that you are going over the Jordan to possess.””

To be sure he is understood, Paul further clarifies his teaching in Romans 7:7-25 that the Law of God is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good; that the Law is spiritual and he delights in the Law of God in his inner being. As it is written, “but I see in my members another law waging war against the law of my mind and making me captive to the law of sin that dwells in my members.” (Romans 7:23) The “other law” is the Law of Sin and Death. “Captive to the Law of Sin” refers back to the captivity from which he was released in Verse 6 “now we are released from the law, having died to that which held us captive” the Law of Sin and Death.

Paul’s Letter to the Galatians has been held up as proof that we no longer need to obey the law of YHVH. How so? Paul is addressing the issue, “that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs” and follows by saying “We who are Jews by birth and not sinful Gentiles know that a person is not justified by the works of the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no one will be justified.” (Galatians 2:14-16)

Paul is teaching against the laws of man, “Jewish customs”; and about being “justified by faith in Christ” which is freedom from the law of sin and death; and that righteousness does not come by the law. None of this conflicts with the testimony by Paul at his trial before Porcius Felix in Caesarea “I believe everything that is in accordance with the Law and that is written in the Prophets”; or with his Letter to the Romans regarding, “the obedience of faith.”

Have you not read from Paul, “Well then, if we emphasize faith, does this mean that we can forget about the law? Of course not! In fact, only when we have faith do we truly fulfill the law.”(Romans 3:31)

In Jesus Christ – Yeshua HaMashiach

Submitted by Anonymous on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:46

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Thank you for clarifying the meaning of the priesthood of Melchizedek. I am not a scholar but love to learn and always seem to have questions about the bible. It helps me to understand the related ideas concerning the old law, forgiveness of sin, and grace and works. I see the connection now from Genesis to Jesus. Well done.

Submitted by W. on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:47

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That missing link really nailed it.I never foresaw such a verse would be there,yet given it was said by Abba,I am in full agreement in faith.

However,on that part if that High Priest was Christ,it clearly says..."like the Son of God"...therefore,annulling the possibility of him being Christ.
Also,as mentioned,he was an actual man-actual King of an actual place.Jesus wouldn't have come before His time,it would contradict many other prophesies like of Isaiah that came after;let alone the Synoptics.
I would say,in your own words of how a High Priest came to be,"He had to be chosen by God to office" and also righteous,but having been a real man-hence the word "LIKE" a son of God.

My name is Chege,22 years old,from Kenya and I love researching about the bible,also called to be a king and priest;a christian :-)He had to be chosen by God to office

Imho,one is a foreshadowing of the other...a smaller taste of the greater to come. Like Job's trial foreshadows the trial of the endtimes... Christ is HIGH priest and king of kings.. while the other is a priest and a king...big difference but as mentioned it establishes the precedence for preisthood outside levictical requirements... ever notice that of the three groups of 'jews' only two are admonished by christ..the third which modern scholars refer to as the nazerines, essenes and mt carmel 'monks' were in fact sects of the order ..this order persisted and still does, as do copykats.

Submitted by Anonymous on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:50

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that article was exactly what I was looking for! well put together sir. thank you for 'connecting the dots' for me.

Submitted by Anonymous on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:51

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I'm searching for info. /papers on how Jesus is the sacrifice and the high Priest. Your article came up and it's a nice article (and nice last name, :) but do you have any info. on how Jesus was the sacrifice and He is the High Priest. Thanks, Jennifer McCallum

Submitted by Anonymous on Tue, 06/09/2020 - 13:54

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I am overwhelmed by Gods graciousness towards me, and all people. This is an incredible act of pure love poured out on humanity.

Gal 4:6 ...God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, prompting us to call out, “Abba, Father."

God, the creator of the universe, Supreme Lord over space and time...my Daddy?

I am undone and overwhelmed. I can never repay such radical graciousness toward me. Can any of us?

What should be an appropriate response in light of this great reality?

Heb 6:19 This hope is a strong and trustworthy anchor for our souls...

So?

Gal 5: 6...What is important is faith expressing itself in love.

And again.

Gal 5: 13...use your freedom to serve one another in love.

Our needs are fully met, are they not? So let us engage one another in serving love.

This is what Dad wants. Whoo-Hoo!

Submitted by Valinda Gueye on Mon, 07/13/2020 - 04:24

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First of all, I will use the restored name of the Father - YHWH or Yahuah and his Son restored name Yahusha meaning Yahuah is deliverance.

The Preface to the NIV (New International Version) in paragraph 15, states:

In regard to the divine name YHWH, commonly referred to as the Tetragrammaton, the translators adopted the DEVISE used in most English versions of rendering that name as “Lord” in capital letters to distinguish it from Adonai, another Hebrew word rendered “Lord,” for which small letters are used. Wherever the two names stand together in the Old Testament as a compound name of God, they are rendered “Sovereign Lord.”

http://www.bible-researcher.com/niv-preface.html

The Preface to the English Standard Version under The Transition of Specialized Terms, states:

In the translation of biblical terms referring to God, the ESV takes great care to convey the specific nuances of meaning of the original Hebrew and Greek words. First, concerning terms that refer to God in the Old Testament: God, the Maker of heaven and earth, introduced himself to the people of Israel with a special personal name, the consonants for which are YHWH (see Exodus 3:14–15). Scholars call this the “Tetragrammaton,” a Greek term referring to the four Hebrew letters YHWH. The exact pronunciation of YHWH is uncertain, because the Jewish people considered the personal name of God to be so holy that it should never be spoken aloud. Instead of reading the word YHWH, therefore, they would normally read the Hebrew word ’adonay (“Lord”), and the ancient translations into Greek, Syriac, and Aramaic also followed this practice. When the vowels of the word ’adonay are placed with the consonants of YHWH, this results in the familiar word Jehovah that was used in some earlier English Bible translations. As is common among English translations today, the ESV usually renders the personal name of God (YHWH) by the word LORD (printed in small capitals). An exception to this is when the Hebrew word ’adonay appears together with YHWH, in which case the two words are rendered together as “the Lord [in lowercase] GOD [in small capitals].” In contrast to the personal name for God (YHWH), the more general name for God in Old Testament Hebrew is ’elohim and its related forms of ’el or ’eloah, all of which are normally translated “God” (in lowercase letters). The use of these different ways to translate the Hebrew words for God is especially beneficial to English readers, enabling them to see and understand the different ways that the personal name and the general name for God are both used to refer to the One True God of the Old Testament.

https://www.esv.org/preface/

To Preface to the King James Version 21 Century

To assist you in both oral and silent reading, we have used updated punctuation; and the rules of modern secular capitalization have been modified to promote understanding and to give reverence to the Godhead, the Kingdom of God, the Word of God, and sacred objects, places, and occasions. Also, we have strictly followed the KJV in the use of the "Hebrew unutterable name for the Supreme Being," namely YHWH: the words LORD, GOD, and JEHOVAH in its various forms and combinations, have been retained exactly as they appear in the King James Version.

http://www.kj21.com/preface.htm

It’s true. LORD, GOD, and JEHOVAH are DEVISES used in place of our Heavenly Father’s true name.

His name is YHWH which is pronounced Yahuah. Later, it was discovered that these letters are not consonants at all, but are consonantal semi-vowels. Regarding the blue photo below, the pictograph on top is the name of Yahuah written in Paleo Hebrew Pictograph which means Hand Behold, Nail Behold (From Right To Left). Bottom: The name of Yahuah is written in Paleo Hebrew Script from right to left which means I Am He Who Exist.

Now to my comment.

From the beginning of time, Yahuah desired to have a Kingdom on earth that would manifest his power, esteem, and honor, a kingdom of Kings, Priest and Prophets. A world, with its inhabitants following his ways…a paradise on earth. A priesthood that would teach the nations all about his magnificence.

The first covenant which Yahuah made with Adam in Eden was a reciprocal conditional covenant, as was the one made at Sinai with the nation of Yasharal (Israel). In each case, the covenant was broken when they disobeyed, and an atonement had to be made to reinstate them, due to their rebellion — Genesis 3:21; Exodus 32:30.

A reciprocal covenant is one in which conditions are set for the recipient to fulfill in order to enjoy the benefits of the promises made, and for the covenant to be effective. It is a covenant that guarantees that Yahuah will fulfill His promise when the human requirements stated in that covenant are met.

The covenants of Yahuah, give expression to the eternal purpose of Yahuah to have His Presence manifested in and through the object of His affection, the 'man and woman' which He created, and to elevate them to the status of his likeness and immortality.

The covenants give a framework of the overall plan whereby He took Adam from an inexperienced, immature being who knew neither good nor evil (in that he was innocent and ignorant of the value of these qualities), toward the ultimate destiny which He has purposed for humanity (humankind). In the process of revealing His purposes to humanity, He also correspondingly has revealed His own nature and likeness to us.

Adam was in a school of instruction, as evidenced by the introduction he had been given to all the animals and the basic knowledge given of his environment. He had been given basic instruction to prepare him against the intrusion of evil into his life but it depended upon him trusting in the goodness and integrity of Almighty YAHUAH and His plan and purposes for him. Trust and obedience were the key factors. This was a conditional covenant in which the blessing from obedience was the tree of life. The curse of death was the result of breaking faith with the covenant and disobeying the injunction which was given.

At first, people only knew Him as Alahym, the Creator of all things (Gen. Ch.1); and then we see that He revealed Himself to Abram as Al Shaddai, the Almighty One (Gen.17: 1); and then to Moses as Yahuah (Ex.3: 1, 5-6, 14-16), the Covenant-keeping Yahuah who meets all the needs of all those in covenant relationship with Him.

Although His Name was known beforehand (Gen.4:26), it was only with Moses that the understanding of walking in covenant relationship with Him became a human experience.

Thereafter, through many revelations of the various aspects of Himself as Healer, Guide, Deliverer etc., He finally gave a full revelation of Himself in human form as Yahusha, our Messiah, the exact image and likeness of the invisible, imperceptible Spirit of the Eternal. (John 6:46, 14: 8-10)

The prevailing concept of Yahuah's covenants in Christendom is that of a division into two main categories of "Old" and "New" covenants. The "Old" covenant being that which was made with the Hebraic people, and the "New" Covenant being that which YAHUSHA instituted as a result of His death and resurrection, which is understood to replace the "Old" Covenant.

However, this understanding is based on the limited perspective of Church traditions inherited from Hellenistic and Roman influences which established the Ecclesia after the apostolic era came to a close.

The fact is that the death of Yahusha as the sacrificial Lamb of Yahuah, ratified all the previous covenants, as they were all dependent upon that sacrifice which He had determined to make before time began, to become valid. They were all based upon the fact that He was the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

What the new covenant did was to bring the "Old" covenants made with Yahuah's people to their full capacity for realization and to the full spiritual manifestation, of what was originally purposed.

The Melchizedekian Covenant was the covenant with promise that Yahuah gave to Abraham that Yahuah had Moses to reinstate with the Hebraic people after they departed from Egypt. Yahuah called the nation to be a "kingdom of priests" unto Himself (Exodus 19:5) and Peter reiterates this when speaking to the descendants of the Hebrew people who had accepted Yahusha as their Messiah and were dispersed through the other nations at that time (1 Peter 1: 1-2). He said to them, "you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a set apart (Righteous) priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices .. "

In Middle eastern Hebraic culture, a marriage is contracted upon a covenant agreement with stipulated terms based upon promises the groom pledges himself to keep and obligations the woman is to meet. If the woman accepts what he has to offer, she drinks the cup of the covenant and he gives gifts to her to seal their betrothal. He then will go away and prepare a 'place' for her in his father's house where they will later consummate the marriage. The Bride-to-be will not see her intended husband until he arrives to take her to himself (usually a year later), but during this time they are regarded as married and if the woman is unfaithful, a divorce will be undertaken by the 'husband'.

When Yasharal (Israel) was at Mt. Sinai, she entered into such a marriage covenant (a marriage betrothal) which was binding upon her, and therefore Yahuah speaks of her as His wife. Yasharal was not really a faithful 'wife' and many times He called her back to Himself and she repented and returned to the marriage agreement.

So, rather than the "New Covenant" replacing the "Old Covenant", the covenant which Yahusha made with Yasharal (Israel) at that time and to whoever would be grafted back in to the nation, was part of the fulfillment of His marriage covenant promise to them at Sinai. The Kinsmen Redeemer.

By revelation, Moses had instructed the nation "Yahuah your Aluah will raise up for you a prophet like unto me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear, .. .. " Deuteronomy 18:15 For this the nation was waiting, as they understood that it was this prophet who would once again speak directly to them from YAHUAH, as Moses had done, and fulfill their messianic expectations.

The priests and the Levites knew the prophetic time was close to being fulfilled for the appearance of the Messiah and that is why they asked when they came to John, "Are you the Prophet?" (John 1:21). In other words, "Are you the One we are to expect, or do we look for another?" He was the hope of Yasharal (Israel), the One who would baptize them with the Ruach Ha Qadosh (The Holy Spirit) and bring to birth the kingdom in their midst. John 1:32-34

The dictionary definition of a covenant in modern usage is that of a formal or a legal agreement, drawn up and sealed by a mutually agreed upon token between two or more parties in which each party commits themselves to the agreed upon conditions, in order to participate in the benefits of the agreement they have made. Covenants are a means whereby two or more entities bond together in a relationship for a specific purpose, in a commitment of love and faithfulness to the other party.

All of Yahuah's dealings with humanity is based upon covenant relationship, the essence of which is His immense love and bountiful goodness wherein He purposed to create, nurture and guide people into a mature relationship of heirship with Himself, whereby he would inherit all His creation and maintain it as a functioning prophet, priest and king under His empowering, provision and direction.

Our Yahuah is a covenant-making and covenant-keeping King and people are the beneficiary with very little to offer in return apart from loving devotion, obedience and faithful service to Him (Deuteronomy 7: 7-11).

Every covenant that Yahuah has made with humans has been unique in itself, but they are all interrelated, and given in a progressive order of the revelation of His eternal purpose, each one also building upon the previous one and working toward the fulfillment of the great everlasting covenant which the Father contracted with the Son in eternity, before the world began.

There are two main types of covenants which Yahuah makes with humans.

They are - • UNILATERAL/UNCONDITIONAL COVENANT An unconditional covenant is one which is based upon Yahuah’s power and sovereignty for its fulfillment, without any conditions or requirements placed upon the recipient other than that they accept the covenant and exercise faith in His promises to enter into covenant relationship with Him. The covenant made with Adam after the fall and renewed again to Noah after the flood, was an unconditional covenant for all of humanity, as was the one made to Abram prior to Isaac's conception. Gen.15

• RECIPROCAL/CONDITIONAL COVENANT A reciprocal, conditional covenant is one in which conditions are set for the recipient to fulfil in order to enjoy the benefits of the promises made, and for the covenant to be effective. It is a covenant which guarantees that Yahuah will fulfil His promise when the human requirements stated in that covenant are met.

The first covenant which Yahuah made with Adam in Eden was a conditional covenant, as was the one made at Sinai with the nation of Israel. In each case, the covenant was broken when they disobeyed and an atonement had to be made to reinstate them, due to their rebellion. Genesis 3:21; Exodus 32:30

All the benefits with which Yahuah pledges to bless the recipients in the covenants which He makes with man must be on the part of Yahuah, and all the obligations must be sustained on the part of man. Scriptural Covenants demonstrate Yahuah's love, mercy and grace and have five basic constituents:

1) a proposal, 2) an agreement, 3) blood ratification, 4) a covenant confirming meal, and 5) a direct attachment to the promise or a seal

1. A Proposal – the promises of the terms
2. An Agreement – the terms of the covenant which takes the form of an oath or vow.
3. The blood of a sacrifice by which the covenant is ratified
4. A covenant confirming meal
5. The sign by which the covenant is sealed or witnessed

A Scriptural covenant is established and sealed by an oath, which usually involves a ceremony wherein the parties making their vows and commitments. The oath is the integral part of a covenant and the term 'oath' is sometimes used as a synonym for covenant (Deuteronomy 29:12, 14).

Wherever Yahuah says He made an oath or a vow, it is in reference to a covenant that He has made. In taking an oath, the one so doing, promises to preserve the covenantal relationship and its conditions and seals the promise with words that call a curse upon himself if he should fail to keep his promise. The curse of a broken covenant is death.

THE REDEMPTIVE COVENANTS
In all, there are nine main covenants in scripture, two of which were before the fall of Adam (the Everlasting and the Edenic covenants), and the other seven which are part of the redemptive process, given after the fall. Two sets of three covenants - plus the seventh one which brings them all to a conclusion.

In the two sets of covenants, Yahuah made provision in the first set for all men on an individual basis to receive eternal life through faith in the Redeemer to come, and in the second set He called out a nation of people into a Bridal relationship with Himself to function in a higher level of sanctity for the purpose of ruling His kingdom and acting as priests and prophets on His behalf in the earth.

The promise of redemption made to Adam and his posterity, was renewed and extended to Noah and brought to its full expression in Abram who is the father of all who believe, and as Paul expounds and the Jerusalem council endorsed, is still available to all men from all nations on an individual basis, by faith. As all other covenants, they were ratified by Yahusha's sacrifice. Romans 4: 3-9, 13; Acts 15: 28-29 All men will be held accountable to the covenant of the era in which they lived and to the extent of their understanding, to the terms of that specific covenant. Romans 1:18-20; 2: 6-16; Luke 12:42-48

The second set of covenants which was given to the people called out of the world to be the family of Yahuah, the set apart nation of king/priests prepared for His kingdom rule, received their spiritual empowering in the seventh covenant, the "new Covenant", through the impartation of the Ruach Ha Qadosh (the Holy Spirit). Ex.19: 5-6; 1 Pet.2: 5, 9

We see in the company of the redeemed in heaven, those who form the righteous priesthood nation (Revelation 5: 8-10; 7: 4-8; 20: 4. 6), and also the rest of those redeemed on an individual basis (Revelation 5:13; 7:9-10).

1. THE INDIVIDUAL COVENANT OF PRIESTHOOD YAHUAH had instated Adam as a priest over his household in the covenant of marriage with the mandate to produce "after his kind", physically and spiritually. This involved a role of priesthood to instruct his family in the ways of Almighty YAHUAH and this was not revoked after the fall when he was given the covenant promise of a Redeemer to come. Each family head thereafter was a priest over his household. Genesis 3:15

2. THE INDIVIDUAL COVENANT OF KINGSHIP YAHUAH executed judgement upon the violence of the earth of the pre-flood era (Genesis 6:13) and gave to Noah the mandate thereafter to act as a judge over other men to arrest unrestrained violence in the earth. Executing authority and judgement over others is a role of kingship. Genesis 9: 5-6

3. THE INDIVIDUAL COVENANT OF PROPHETIC FUNCTION Abraham receives a prophetic call to be the progenitor of a righteous and set apart line which will bring forth the Messiah. His life is a prophetic pattern for his posterity. Genesis 20: 7 The Melchizedek Covenant

4. THE NATIONAL COVENANT OF PRIESTHOOD This was a call for Yasharal (Israel) to become Yahuah's chosen people under the Melchizedek Covenant, His Bride, and to live according to the full counsel of His will and be a nation of priests unto Him in the earth. Exodus 19: 5, 6

This covenant was broken after 40 days, when Moses went up the mountain to obtain the covenant and the instructions regarding the covenant. This Covenant, THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT was placed inside of the Ark of the Covenant alongside the 10 Commandments.

The BOOK OF THE COVENANT is separate from The BOOK OF THE LAW – This Law was an earthly, natural form that was imposed upon the house of Yasharal for the purpose of atonement until Messiah came due to their rejection of the BOOK OF THE COVENANT.

Therefore, tablets of natural stone, which Moses had to cut, replaced the broken covenant, symbolized by the broken tablets, whereas the original tablets were said to be of the pavement upon which He stood (Exodus 24:9-11).

In all, the BOOK OF THE LAW (The Levitical Order – The Aaronic Priesthood) replaced the BOOK OF THE COVENANT due to their refusal to accept THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT.

“So it was, when Moses had completed writing the words of this law in a book, when they were finished, that Moses commanded the Levites, who bore the ark of the covenant of Yahuah, saying: “Take this Book of the Law, and put it BESIDE the ark of the covenant of Yahuah your Aluah, that it may be there as a witness against you; you [it will remind you that YOU broke the Covenant that is INSIDE the Ark] for I know your rebellion and your stiff neck. If today, while I am yet alive with you, you have been rebellious against YAHUAH, then how much more after my death?” (Deuteronomy 31:24-27).

The Book of the Covenant was place INSIDE the Ark, while the Book of the Law was place OUTSIDE the Ark of the Covenant.

This is what Paul was referring to when he wrote:

Col 2:14. 14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; The handwritten [written by Moses in a book not by the finger of YAHUAH on stone tablets] Laws of ordinances that was against us [not agreed to, but imposed – The Book of the Law] was nailed to the cross [done away with forever]. These Laws were nullified not the Laws of the Book of the Covenant.

“What purpose then does the law (Book of the Law) serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator” (Galatians 3:19).

5. THE NATIONAL COVENANT OF KINGSHIP The covenant made with David was to provide a kingly lineage for Messiah and to bring the nation into a new level of authority with the Father in their worship and dominion in the earth. 2 Samuel 7:12-16

6. THE NATIONAL COVENANT OF PROPHETIC FUNCTION The dispersion and the calling of the nation back to the land birthed the era of the prophets who spoke to the nation in revelation of Yahuah's end time purposes and the honor of the coming kingdom. e.g. Isaiah 65-66

7. THE EVERLASTING COVENANT OF PROPHET, PRIEST, AND KING RATIFIED THE MELCHIZEDEK COVENANT Yahusha the Messiah ratified this covenant by His sacrificial death and established the covenant with His apostles. He was raised to life as the last Adam, a new order of the Adamic race walking on the earth as a prophet, priest, and king of Almighty YAHUAH. John 20:20-22; Matthew 26:26-29; 1 Corinthians 15:45-49

The BOOK OF THE COVENANT (The Melchizedek Priesthood – The Spiritual Covenant with Promise) contained its own set of ordinances. However, not nearly as many laws as the book of the law, and without any curses attached to the covenant. The Book of the Covenant was placed inside the Ark of the Covenant alongside the Ten Commandments. The Abrahamic covenant was renewed by the blood of Yahusha and must be entered in by Faith in Yahusha, and the ordinances therein must be obeyed. Please forgive my repetitiousness; however, most Christians have missed this point entirely and are completely unaware of this truth, So, I want to make it very clear. The law that Paul said was abolished was the Book of the Law, not the Book of the Covenant that contains its own laws.

In the book of Hebrews Paul writes: “So also, Yahusha did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him: “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.” As He also says in another place: “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek”” (Hebrews 5:5-6).

The Levitical priesthood lasted from the time of Sinai until YAHUSHA came to the earth. Then, Yahusha was installed as our high priest after the order of Melchizedek.

“For He testifies: “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek”” (Hebrews 7:17).

“Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law” (Hebrews 7:11-12).

To those who believe that Judaism, or the Hebrew Roots Movement followers who still follow the Levitical order, I say this to you.

It is not a change of Torah to enact the change in Torah. Change has, in fact, always been right there in the pages of Torah. The truth of the matter is that to refuse the change that has always been there in Torah (as prophesied) is to ‘diminish ought’ from Torah.

There is an “Until Shiloh Comes” clause in Torah:
There is a legal clause in the Torah revealed in the Brit Hadasha (the New Testament) that reveals and prophesies of the sanctioned future change that Messiah would enact…Yahusha’s sacrifice enacted this clause.

Torah is stating that we will abide by the Book of the Law (the Levitical Order) until Shiloh (Yahusha) comes with the renewed Melchizedekian Covenant. There was a change in the Torah, not a change to the Torah.

Genesis 49:10 states: 10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

Ezekiel 21: 27 states: I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until he come whose right it is; and I will give it him.

Acts 3:18-26 states: 18 But what Yahuah foretold by the mouth of all the prophets, that his Son would suffer, he thus fulfilled. 19 Repent therefore, and turn back, that your sins may be blotted out, 20 that times of refreshing may come from the presence of Yahuah, and that he may send Yahusha appointed for you, 21 whom heaven must receive until the time for restoring all the things about which Yahuah spoke by the mouth of his qadosh (righterous) prophets long ago. 22 Moses said, ‘Yahuah our Aluah, will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brothers. You shall listen to him in whatever he tells you. 23 And it shall be that every soul who does not listen to that prophet shall be destroyed from the people.’ 24 And all the prophets who have spoken, from Samuel and those who came after him, also proclaimed these days. 25 You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant that Yahuah made with your fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your offspring shall all the families of the earth be blessed.’ 26 Yahuah, having raised up his servant, sent him to you first, to bless you by turning every one of you from your wickedness.”

Hebrews 9:9-10 states: 9 This is an illustration for the present time, indicating that the gifts and sacrifices being offered were not able to clear the conscience of the worshiper. 10 They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings—external regulations applying until the time of the new order.

Yahuah originally wanted a kingdom OF priest and a set-apart (holy – righteous) nation, not a kingdom with A priest and an unholy nation so he had to renew the Melchizedekian Covenant which Paul was attempting to explain.

The Narrow Path to Salvation is walked on only by following the Renew Melchizedekian Order which all in covenant were waiting for. Yahusha fulfilled all of the previous covenants. That is why scripture state:

Ephesians 4, Verses 7-10
7But each one of us was given grace according to the measure of the gift of Yahusha. 8Therefore Yahuah says, ‘When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.’ 9But this, ‘He ascended’ —didn't he also first descend into the lower parts of the earth? 10He who descended is the one who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things” (Ephesians 4:7-10 quoting Psalm 68:18).

Okay. Now back to our lesson.

All of this is saying that the original covenant, the Book of the Covenant (the Melchizedek Covenant) was renewed by Yahusha. And the Book of the Law (the witness that was set against us) was nailed to the cross. The Melchizedekian Covenant was renewed and still stands, while the Book of the Law (not a covenant, but imposed ordinances due to the refusal of accepting the Book of the Covenant), the Levitical Priesthood is now null and void.

Since Yahusha is our high priest, we are then subject the Melchizedekian priesthood and the ordinances attached to this covenant.

“And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new COVENANT IN MY BLOOD, which is shed for you” (Luke 22:19-20).

“Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?” Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Yahusha for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2:37-38)

The Hebrews failed to enter into the spiritual inheritance He had for them of being a kingdom of priests to the nations. This was His perfect will for them to enter at this time, however, His provision for their failure was to have the Levitical priesthood compensate as an intermediary function until the fullness of time for Messiah would come. Then, through the perfect sacrifice in the offering of Himself, the stony heart could be replaced with the Law written on the tablets of their hearts by the Finger of YAHUAH (Ezekiel 36:26; 2 Corinthians 3:3; Hebrews 8:10).

His laws, which had to be written on tablets of stone and could find no resting place in its pure essence on the stony heart of man, found embodiment in the Son of Man as the Word made flesh (John 1:14). By His Spirit, man can now be born of the incorruptible seed of the Word of YAHUAH in the new covenant (1 Peter 1:23, 25).

I must give you a human example that may assist you with the words “grace and unmerited favor.”

Let us pretend for a moment – there was a very, very wealthy business owner that you met while at a friend's house, who enjoyed your company very much. He owned many Fortune 500 companies and wanted to spend as much time with you as possible, so he offered you a prestigious position in the executive department that he worked out of, so he could see you daily.

The position that was offered to you normally required a person who was highly educated and highly skilled; however, you only had a high school education. You told him of your situation, nevertheless, he had unmerited favor towards you and offered this highly paid position, with a benefits package that was unprecedented because of his pure love for you. He gave you an Employment Offer Letter with a start date, purchased clothing for you, gave you pocket money, and all else that was needed to look the part. He gave you a job description, instructional manuals, policies and procedures, and more. He even hired a tutor, the very best, to assist you with performing all your duties.

Now, would you go to work and lay a mat next to your desk and lay down all day because the boss loves you and gave you this job by “grace”? Or would you come to work and learn your duties until you are able to perform them on your own, being thankful for the grace that was bestowed upon you?

Beautiful and innocent people are not only lying down next to the desk all day, but they are performing the duties of their boss's competitor. A competitor that the boss once took in, trained, and taught, who later betrayed him.

No matter how much the boss loves you, he will fire you if you continue this behavior. The same with our Heavenly Father.

Hebrews 10:26-31
26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of Yahuah. 28 Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.29 How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of Yahuah underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know him who said, “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” and again, “Yahuah will judge his people.” 31 It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living Yahuah your Aluah.

Indeed, we must sustain our part of the covenant. These requirements are the laws or commandments (instructions) needed to adhere to and abide in the Melchizedekian Covenant. I find them quite pleasurable.

YAHUSHA constantly taught the people to keep the commandments. Having a genuine relationship and loving Him, are equated with keeping His commandments. Our obedience to His commandments are the proof that we love Him and the evidence that we have a personal relationship with Him. By living in His Law we live in His Love and are recipients of His blessing.
1 John 3:24

"Now he who keep His commandments abides in Him, and He in him."

John 14: 21

"He that has my commandments and keeps them, he it is that loves me ... "

Matthew 19:17

"And He said unto him, Why do you call me good? there is none good but one, that is, Yahuah: but if you will enter into life, keep the commandments."

Revelation 12: 17

17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of Yahuah, and have the testimony of Yahusha.

Revelation 22: 14 - 15

14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. 15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

Revelation 14: 12

12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of Yahuah, and the faith of Yahusha.

Matthew 7: 21 - 23

I Never Knew You
21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Master, Master,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22 On that day many will say to me, ‘Master, Master, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?’ 23 And then will I declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of iniquity (lawlessness).’

Remember that sin is the transgression of the law.
1 John 3:4 King James Version (KJV)
4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.

1 John 2: 3-6
3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.
4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
5 But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of Yahuah perfected: hereby know we that we are in him.
6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

Yahusha gives us the example of obeying His Father's commandments, even unto death.

Hebrews 5: 8-9

"though He was a Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered. And having been perfected He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him."

Why do we need laws or rules?

The whole creation is established on set rules for its function. Governments and social structures are based upon agreed-upon rules for their functioning as are all organizations and groups. Sometimes those rules are informal as an agreed upon code of ethics between its members, but just the same, any organized activity has to have rules of conduct for the participants and share common goals. Without that there is anarchy.

Rules set the standard for any activity as the guidelines upon which it is to function and define that activity. Those who desire to engage in the activity have to accept the rules. So, the rules are not really the focus. We engage in activities because we enjoy and find fulfillment in those activities and the achievement of the set purpose of the activity. So it’s more about what our goal is, than about what the rules are and it comes down to the focus of our interest and how important it is to us to be involved in the activity or achieve the set goal.

A participant who hasn't got a clear focus or enthusiasm for the goal, may object to the rules of engagement. Yahuah runs everything by rules too. Yahuah’s Law, as recorded in Scripture, identifies the moral standards He wants humanity to live by. If Yahuah's law didn't exist no one would know right from wrong. Because He is the ultimate Ruler, He has the right to set the standards and make the rules of engagement.

There are 'rules' or principles involved in having a relationship (a betrothal covenant) with Yahuah through Yahusha, His Son. He sets before us the goal of knowing Him and having eternal life with Him in the kingdom of Yahuah (John, Chapter 17, and Verse 3).

The rules are a means to achieve the end purpose and not an end in themselves. We are not following a set of rules but a Person with whom we desire to have a relationship, which relationship just happens to be governed and defined by a set of rules to achieve that purpose. To anyone not interested in a closer relationship with YAHUAH, then His rules are a restrictive burden to follow, which will appear legalistic. Whereas, someone who is passionate about knowing Him in a deeper way, will eagerly embrace the 'rules' as that means to the end.

Submitted by Destiny on Mon, 09/21/2020 - 01:18

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Here’s how God showed me that Jesus fulfilled the law without destroying it: He introduced a higher law “A NEW commandment I give you: Love one another.” (John 13:34) This is the law of His Kingdom, the overarching law of love. “For the Entire Law Is Fulfilled in keeping this ONE command: Love your neighbor as yourself." (Gal. 5:14). He said “On these commandments hang ALL The Law and the Prophets - You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, and mind, and love your neighbor as yourself (Matt. 22: 38-40). Then the Lord showed me how keeping just ONE command fulfills the whole law: If you love God with all your heart, mind and soul, you will have no other gods before Him. Out of a godly love for your neighbor, you will not steal from them. Through love you will not commit adultery against your spouse, etc. This takes a supernatural love, which ancient Israelites did not yet have because they did not have the indwelling of the Holy Spirit to empower them with the love of God. So their actions and behaviors had to temporarily be governed by laws and ordinances. But since Jesus was about to release the Holy Spirit, He began to teach on operating out of love instead of by force of law. His sacrifice restored the Kingdom of God and released the Holy Spirit to enable us to love freely and not under obligation of the law. The Love of God sounds simple, but is powerful, MORE powerful than the law.

Submitted by Mommabrim on Sun, 10/04/2020 - 22:10

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Valinda Gueye
Thank you for taking the time to teach. I read and feasted on your words. Your words brought me peace and understanding in a time that I desperately need it.
Thank you

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